DPR Korea Needs and Priorities 2019
Humanitarian profile by sector
1Improving Food Security and Nutrition: Improve the nutritional status of the most vulnerable people using an integrated and multi-sectoral approach that includes improved food security, as well as screening, referral and treatment for malnutrition. Partners will work to ensure that under-five children and pregnant and lactating women in particular have access to sufficient nutritious food, and that acutely undernourished children are effectively treated with therapeutic food and supported through optimal infant and young child feeding practices.
2Access to Basic Services : Reduce preventable mortality and morbidity through increased access to health, water, sanitation and hygiene services. Partners will ensure that the most vulnerable people, especially children, women, people with disabilities and the elderly have access to basic health services such as: maternal and child health, immunizations; essential medicines and commodities; diagnostic and treatment services for communicable and non-communicable diseases; early interventions for people with disabilities and improved disease surveillance . Access to safe drinking water, as well as sanitation and hygiene services will be improved, and good hygiene and sanitation practices promoted.
3Strengthen Resilience to Recurrent Disasters: Build resilience of communities to recurrent disasters, particularly floods and drought. Partners will ensure that life-saving assistance meets the different needs of those most affected by disasters and that the Government and communities have the capacity to prepare for, respond to, and recover from shocks.
Sector overview and funding status
Access and monitoring
UN agencies and INGOs rigorously monitor humanitarian activities and programmes to ensure aid reaches the most vulnerable people and isn’t diverted. Monitoring is conducted by international and national staff and includes regular visits to households as well as project sites including cooperative farms, fortified food production factories, warehouses, public distribution centres, health facilities, nurseries and kindergartens. In 2018, 1,855 project site visits were conducted over 854 monitoring days by UN agencies and INGOs, covering all provinces in the country.
Monitoring involves technical and observational visits, as well as interviews with supported households and project participants. International staff monitor the procurement, dispatch and distribution of the supplies to planned intervention sites to ensure the distribution and proper utilization of supplies together with local authorities. Regular data collection through field monitoring is consolidated and formulated into recommendations used for discussions with national, provincial and county authorities to ensure that coordination and implementation of the interventions are as planned.
Humanitarian agencies also often monitor projects which have been completed in the previous years to make sure that the improvements remain sustainable and that goods and equipment are still being used for their intended purpose. While field access continues to depend on authorizations by the Government, in the last year, agencies have not been prevented from monitoring their projects.
As of 2018, humanitarian agencies in DPRK have access for international staff to all 11 provinces in the country. Jagang Province remains a restricted area and only two agencies having permission from the Government to operate in the province, with specific access and monitoring arrangements.